The word "Mechanics" is used to define the most suitable structure of something; it may be a machine, building, equipments or a sentence too. Grammar mechanics is not a new word for English educationists. Grammar mechanics provides the fundamental framework to make an accurate sentence as per language’s grammar. These can be understand as writing guide, style guide or writing manuals like Harvard Style, MLA Style and APA style. Here Mechanics word is referred to punctuation and spellings as well as guideline to use them in a sentence. Briefly we can understand it as a set of rules to be followed for making a perfect sentence. Basic rules of grammar mechanics are:
Comma (,): is used for several different purposes. It works as— coordinating conjunction to add two clauses as a sentence, emphasizing introductory elements at the beginning of a sentence, as restrictive modifiers, separating two or more adjectives, noun, quotation, items in a list, date, objects.
Semicolons (;): shows a temporary pause but not full stop (.) which is greater than comma and less than full stop. It also separates the elements from remaining sentences, which is used to define the separated term. It also connects two independent sentences within a sentence without using a conjunction. It replaces comma in special cases especially in a list (Five colors are; red, violet, yellow, white and orange).
Colon (:): is used to draw the attention to particular words. It works like semicolons but it is different that these are used to highlight the first clauses while the second clause is giving a brief introduction of first sentence.
Apostrophe (’): shows the possession and the ownership of the noun. If the noun is singular add ’s to add apostrophe, but if the noun is plural it will no need to add extra s to add an apostrophe.
Quotation mark (‘ ’): are used to mark quotation. You can use it in both manners double quotes (“ ”) and single quote (‘ ’) especially when you are using a quotation mark in another quotation, use double quote for the main quotation and single quote for inner quotation.
Dashes (— or -): A dash (—) shows the interruption within a sentence while the hyphen sign (–) joins two parts of a compound word (as vice-president).